If you just can’t wait to work in the garden this spring, here are a few secrets to getting a successful head start.
It’s All About Temperature
Air and soil temperature are the critical elements when planting a spring garden.
- Cool-season vegetables need daytime temps in the 60s Fahrenheit and nights in the 40s Fahrenheit with an occasional light frost.
- Warm-season vegetables need daytime temps in the 70s-80s Fahrenheit with nights above 50° F, and they don’t tolerate frost.
- Planting seeds depends more on soil temperature than air temperature. If the soil can be warmed enough for the seeds to germinate, the growing plants may tolerate cooler air temps.
To get a head start in the garden, you’ll need to understand the temperature requirements of your plants, as well as the average spring planting time for your region.
Armed with this information and a good thermometer, you can try some of these tips to help Mother Nature warm things up more quickly.
Outdoor Early Planting Tips
Here are some tips to take advantage of the sunny days in early spring:
- Build a Cold Frame: A cold frame is a simple, low wooden frame with a glass or clear plastic top. It’s placed over seedlings in the garden or over a raised garden bed to give protection from those last frosty nights in early spring. Sort of like a mini-greenhouse, a cold frame keeps the air and soil inside about 5-10 degrees warmer than the surrounding garden to give you about a month head start on spring.
- Use Containers: Plant early veggies and flowers in containers that can be moved indoors at night and on chilly days. Try this tomato wagon for an easy moveable garden.
- Warm the Soil: Use black plastic row covers, or solar plant cones to warm up your garden soil and make spring come early to your garden! Plastic helps hold in the sun’s heat, and you’ll get the bonus of killing some of the weeds and pests under the plastic. Plan on a month of preheating for about a month’s head start. After preheating, you can remove the plastic or simply cut slits for your plants, leaving the plastic as mulch. The warmer soil will help seeds germinate outdoors, but make sure the nighttime air temperatures are above freezing before planting summer veggies.
- Add a Hotbed: Purchase heating elements to turn your cold frame into a hotbed. This allows you to have more control of the soil and air temperatures, allowing for seed planting and a head start on summer veggies like tomatoes and squash.
Here are some tricks to take advantage of sunny windowsills:
- Start Seeds Indoors: By the time the soil is warm enough to plant seeds outdoors, you’ve already missed some growing time. By starting seed flats in a sunny window, you can have seedlings ready to transplant by the time the weather warms up.
- Indoor Containers: Herbs and salad greens are easy to grow indoors in the winter, and you can simply snip off leaves as you need them. Indoor hydroponic systems go a step further to provide a sophisticated growing system for year-round vegetable harvests.
If you’re dead-set on gardening year-round, and you live in areas with freezing winters, you’ll have to create an artificially heated environment for tender plants.
A greenhouse is a great way to extend the gardening season, with several choices:
- Unheated Greenhouse: Made of insulating glass or plastic, unheated greenhouses function like a large cold frame, giving only frost protection and a few weeks’ head start.
- Cool Greenhouse: Minimally heated to keep temperatures above 40° Fahrenheit, allowing you to grow cool-season vegetables all winter long and to get a couple months’ head start on warm-season vegetables.
- Warm Greenhouse: Hothouses keep temperatures above 50° Fahrenheit, allowing ambitious gardeners to grow summer veggies and herbs even in the dead of winter.
For two years, I’ve started tomato plants indoors in a plastic covered box about 6′ long by 2 1/2 ‘ wide and 3’ tall. I used 2 grow lights about 24″ above the pots. I start the plants from seed about 8 weeks before moving them to the garden. I keep the grow lights on about 12 hours a day. The problem is the plants get tall and spindly and are very fragile. Any ideas? Thanks
You can find the answer to your question on our website at:Tall and Spindly Tomato Seedlings.
Lower your lights to just above the plants. As the plants grow, raise the lights, but still keep them just an inch or two above the plants. Hanging the lights from adjustable chains works well.
I try to grow Asian tropical Bottle Gourd here in MA by sowing seeds in April. ;Plants do come up but mostly they last a few weeks and die out often without going to three leaf stage. I always wonder how these Nurseries grow plants for weeks anD weeks and deliver us plants with bunch of leaves and when we open to transplant the container is full of roots spread in the entire soil. what is the secret? Or in other words my mistake. can someone help. Thanks.
Last year I tried my hand at starting my seedlings indoor for the first time.
They geminated extremely fast and I was unprepared.
Right away I rigged up a light but could tell this would not be workable in the long term.
I found a site talking about leggy seedlings and the suggestion was to take them outside during the day time.
I had my seedlings in clear plastic totes so this was easy enough to do.
The theory is that the cool temps keep the seedlings from growing too fast. It keeps them lower to the planting medium.
(Lower to the ground) so to speak. They tend to get more leaf growth instead of stem growth.
The process was great! And.. there was an added benefit because in this process they were already hardened off due to the exposure of the daytime outdoors while they were just tiny little sprouts.
I’m doing this again this year! Big clear plastic totes with covers are like little movable greenhouses.
For me the only drawback to sprouting seeds was putting them out in the great outdoors all by themselves.
One rabid slug could clear cut my newly planted darlings.
As an insurance, I lined a circle around each one with Epsom Salts. Works much like salt to repel snails and slugs,
and its also beneficial to the seedlings.
Thanks for sharing your experience with the TodaysHomeowner.com community, Terry!