The fist step to getting the soil in your garden right is figuring out what you have. There are three general types of soil:

  • Clay: This type of soil is composed of very fine particles that pack together tightly, allowing very little water to drain out and making it difficult for roots to dig in. If you squeeze clay soil in your hand, it will create a hard sticky ball. To modify clay soil, add organic material that will loosen the particles up and add nutrients to the soil (humus for example.)
  • Sand: Sandy soil is very loose and granular so it holds little water and few nutrients. Sand will sift right through your hands when you try to compress it. Sand needs organic material added to help it absorb moisture and contribute nutrients (compost should do the trick.)
  • Loam: This type of soil is the gardener’s dream soil because it is the perfect blend of sand, clay, and organic matter. Loam is typically dark in color and will compress but not form a hard mass. For good measure you can still add organic material to boost the nutrient levels in loam.

Watch the video above to find out more.

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Danny Lipford


Danny Lipford is a home improvement expert and television personality who started his remodeling business, Lipford Construction, at the age of 21 in Mobile, Alabama. He gained national recognition as the host of the nationally syndicated television show, Today's Homeowner with Danny Lipford, which started as a small cable show in Mobile. Danny's expertise in home improvement has also led him to be a contributor to popular magazines and websites and the go-to source for advice on everything related to the home. He has made over 200 national television appearances and served as the home improvement expert for CBS's The Early Show and The Weather Channel for over a decade. Danny is also the founder of 3 Echoes Content Studio,, and Checking In With Chelsea, a décor and lifestyle blog.

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