February Lawn & Garden To-Do List

Annuals and Containers

    • Continue protecting tender container plants from freezing temperatures, and don’t forget to water!
    • Fertilize winter-blooming pansies with a bloom-boosting fertilizer.
    • Plant poppy seeds by spreading the seeds on top of the last snow of the season.
  • Zones 9 and warmer can plant spring annuals outdoors following the last frost.


  • Remember not to walk or drive on frozen grass!

Fruits, Vegetables, and Herbs

    • Inspect stored fruits and vegetables and discard any that are spoiled.
    • Fertilize winter vegetable plants if needed.
    • If you haven’t already done so, prune dormant fruit trees and grape vines.
    • Give your potted herbs a dose of nutrition by replacing the top inch of soil with fresh compost.
    • If you haven’t already, apply dormant spray to fruit trees before new growth begins.
    • If you’ve started plants in a cold frame, be sure to ventilate it on warm days.
  • Zones 8 and higher can plant cool-season vegetables such as lettuce, broccoli, cabbage, and kale.


    • Protect houseplants from drafts and cold temperatures, and make sure plants don’t touch cold window glass.
    • Increase humidity around tropical plants.
    • Water regularly, but less often, and reduce fertilization.
    • Prune house plants if needed.
  • Repot your holiday cactus if needed, but remember they like to be pot-bound.

Cleanup and Maintenance

    • If the ground isn’t frozen, till your garden and work in amendments.
    • Avoid using salt on frozen driveways and sidewalks – use sand, organic kitty litter, or sawdust instead.
    • As you prune, look for brown praying mantis egg cases, and replace them gently back into the plant since praying mantises eat other garden pests.
    • Do a late winter maintenance of all your garden tools. Sharpen blades, replace broken tools, repair handles, and oil moving parts to get ready for spring.
    • Start up your power tools, such as your lawn mower, chainsaw, or weed trimmer. If needed, you can drop them off at the repair shop before the spring rush.
    • Even during the winter, remember to water your plants. Cold air removes moisture from plants faster than they can absorb it, and newly planted trees and shrubs are particularly vulnerable.
    • Keep those bird feeders filled!
    • Make out your garden calendar, including planting dates and seed germination times.
    • Start seed flats indoors, in bright indirect light or under a grow-light, for spring planting outdoors.
  • Valentine’s Day flower arrangements will stay fresher if kept out of strong sunlight.


  1. Lived in my house for 28 years, up until about 5 years ago, never had a mole problem, over these last five years they have been showing up and ruining my lawn, sometimes even the garden area as well, tried spraying and I think it works for a while but also think they get used to it, same with sonic devices, other than traps or poison do you know how to get rid of them?

  2. This year my lawn is covered with some kind of short clumps of green weeds. These are like grassy blades but they grow in clumps. What is this and what to use to clear it from my Bermuda lawn. ?

  3. I pruned my four rose plant in early December when we had good warm weeks. Every year, my rose plants produce hundreds of Red and pink roses. Some reds are with thick valet petals and are inter pollinated.

    thank you,

  4. where do you start pruning grape vines? My two grape vines are spread on six feet high four post top. do I prune from the plant or ??

  5. Do you clean solar light covers the same way as you clean landscaping lights? Each year I try to reuse them, but sometimes they are so scratched up and filthy they are unusable. Thanks so much.

  6. I have a grass or a bush kind of plant that has been invading Illinois. It will kill your regular grass if I don’t water and pull it out. It spreads underneath and will go over walls. I have not found anything that will kill it . I just have to keep removing it. I dig up weeds and rake and love to work outside. My neighbors let their leaves just do whatever. My husband is very cheap!!!! I built a rock wall with metal in it and some dry concrete. I was thinking of getting rocks and building a fence; are rock fences legal? I never see them>


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