Overloading of power outlets is among the most common electrical issues in residential establishments. You should be aware of the electrical systems inside your household to avoid the stated problem and other possible issues. For safety reasons, the quantity of power outlets on a circuit is limited and not all homeowners know about the right specifications for each circuit.
In this blog, you will know how to check your circuit specifications, compute the number of outlets you can connect with a circuit, exceptions for the rule, and some important knowledge you must understand to avoid any electrical hazards in your house.
How to Check if Your Circuit Is 15 or 20-Amp?
Before purchasing new outlet receptacles, it’s essential to understand which circuit you have in your home. You can check your circuit’s specifications by doing any of the following:
- If you examine the outlet itself, you’ll notice that there are multiple openings on the left, a bigger slot on the right for air neutral, a smaller slot for the power lead, and an arc slot below for the ground. If you see a T-shaped neutral slot in your circuit, it means that you have a 20-amp circuit and a 20-amp receptacle. In contrast, the 15-amp plug receptacles do not have that T-shaped neutral hole, hence a 20-amp plug will not fit in this outlet.
- If you are replacing an outlet receptacle in your kitchen, look at the labeling on the electrical control panel. For example, the kitchen is connected to breaker number 10 as stated in the circuit index, and you will see a number 15 on the panel itself. It indicates that the circuit for your kitchen is a 15-amp circuit. From there, you can now buy new outlet receptacles with 15-amp.
How Many Outlets Can You Put On One Circuit?
In general, you should assume that a single circuit has 1.5-amp per outlet and you can only put 80% load on that circuit for safety purposes. So, if you have a 20-amp circuit, you can put a maximum of 16 outlets on that circuit and 12 outlets for a 15-amp circuit. But on a safer level, most electricians recommended putting a maximum of 8 outlets for a 15-amp circuit and 10 outlets for a 20-amp circuit.
How Many Outlets Can You Put On a 15-Amp Circuit?
Based on the National Electrical Code (NEC), electricians are advised to put 12 outlets on one circuit with 15-amp, Modern outlets now require arc fault breakers and most electricians will not attach them to light fixtures. This breaker senses an arc in the circuit, so if you unplug something and an electric arc is spotted, it will promptly trip the breaker, reducing the possibility of any electric hazard. Arc fault breakers usually cost $80 per piece, but conventional breakers are around $7 only.
Exceptions for the “12 Outlets per 15-Amp Circuit” Rule
Sometimes, the 12 device rule is not practical for some homeowners. In larger homes with more appliances, electricians put three or four outlets in the bedroom along with the light and arc fault breakers. Any load up to 1500 watts or more requires its own dedicated circuit. The mentioned rule is not applicable for some devices such as the following items:
If you have a lot of rooms in your house, don’t place 12 outlets on a single circuit. Doing so may inefficiently take up the circuit, especially if you have a lot of appliances and devices to plug at the same time. On large houses, the possibility of tripping circuits and exploding breakers is high, which is why electricians prefer to install less than 12 outlets on each circuit. Because you will need a lot of outlets, the standards for kitchen counter receptacles are somewhat restrictive.
The 12 outlet rule does not apply to smoke detectors and you are free to install as many smoke detectors as you want. Even if they’re powered efficient, these devices can be turned on with your lighting circuit.
Devices With Very High Electric Consumptions
A powerful washing machine, fridge, induction cooker, oven, and other appliances that require a lot of electrical energy need to have a separated circuit.
Continuous lighting circuits do not apply to places where you can draw power, such as the light fixture. If you have a lighting circuit with wattage markings and pot lights, you can run up to 1500 watts on that particular circuit. Furthermore, putting watt led lights that use more than 7 Watts on a single circuit is not recommended because it will place all of your electric usages on one circuit.
How Many Lights Can I Plug in a 15-Amp Circuit?
If the circuit already has four 300-Watt devices attached, the lights will have 240 Watts to operate with. Some circuits may be heavily congested, while others may be underutilized. You can plug four lights that require less than 300 Watts or less.
Can I Connect a 20-Amp Receptacle With a 15-Amp Circuit?
Yes, you can connect a 15-amp circuit with a 20-amp receptacle because the receptacle can carry more current than the circuit can manage. Although in some circumstances, if the current exceeds 15 Amps, the breaker will trip to protect the receptacle.
Can I Change a 15-Amp Circuit to a 20-Amp Circuit?
You will benefit from upgrading your circuit to a larger power capacity, but you need to assess your house’s electrical needs and performance first before doing so. Your current breaker might flash for a variety of reasons such as a short circuit, overloaded circuit, or damaged breaker.
Let’s say, you do not experience those issues, but your breaker is not powerful enough to accommodate all appliances. If this is the case, expect that your house’s overall current is possible to surpass the circuit breaker’s 15-amp rating. If your breaker has a lower amperage rating than the circuit, it is recommended to replace it with one that has a higher rating.
Upgrading your 15-amp circuit to 20-amp is fine, but be certain that the work is done by a skilled electrician. You’re putting yourself and your property at significant risk if you do it yourself and replace your breaker with cheap and low-quality materials.
This ends our discussion about the number of outlets you can safely connect with a 15-amp circuit. When it comes to the security of our home, we must make rational and wise decisions to avoid unwanted consequences.